Lambir Iban project (proposal)

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Assessing the support of surrounding Iban communities for the Lambir Hills National Park?

Nuwan PWIMN Bandara and Chak Wang Hoong



Situated south of Miri town, the Lambir Hills National Park covers an area of nearly 70sq. km; with its highest point about, 465m. According to Ashton (1995), the lowland mixed dipterocarp forest emerges to be one of the richest in terms of tree species; > 1100 tree species within 0.5 sq. km. In addition to the park, there is also several Iban community groups living nearby whose access to the park is hindered with the elevating the forest in to a national park. This study is to understand that do the present Iban community support the Lambir hills national park? Our major objective is to understand the present perspective of local Iban community on Lambir hills national park. Our specific objectives are:

  • To find out the difference of attitude of Iban community in Bukit Lambir, on the basis of their education and age.
  • To find out whether the perspective of Iban on the forest people has been changed now.
  • To find out what are the reasons for the gradual change of the attitudes if it has been changed.
  • To suggest potential solutions for inferior perspective.

Research question

What is the present attitude of local Iban community on Lambir hills national park?


  • People are interviewed individually according to a questioner.
  • Sample size, 50~100
  • Group according to Age, sex, academic qualification.
  • Data matrix and analysis.


  • 1. Are you able to identity many plants, birds, mammals, and other animals that live in the forest? ( NONE | FEW | SOME | MANY | VERY MANY )
    • Aim: to find out if they know much “Biodiversity” personally? How many species do they can identify?
  • 2. What would you think if all the plant and animal species vanished forever? ( VERY SAD | SAD | DON’T CARE | HAPPY | VERY HAPPY )
    • Aim: to find out the personal value of biodiversity to the respondent.
  • 3. Q: Do you approve of the rules of the National Park? ( STRONGLY DISLIKE | DISLIKE | TOLERATE | APPROVE | STRONGLY APPROVE )
    • Aim: to recognize their willingness to obey the rules and regulations and to the legislations in the national park.
  • 4. If you had the opportunity, would you like to go to the city and leave your village? ( DEFINITELY NOT | NO | DOESN’T MATTER | YES | STRONGLY YES )
    • Aim: to assess how happy they are with their village life
  • 5. If you had no access to resources from the forest (food, medicine, bird song…), how difficult would it be? ( VERY DIFFICULT | DIFFICULT | WOULD NOT MATTER | PLEASED | VERY PLEASED )
    • Aim: to identify do they want to depend on the forest or not?
  • 6. Would you like to get a job in the National Park, protecting the forest? ( DEFINITELY NOT | NO | DOESN’T MATTER | YES | STRONGLY YES )
  • 7. Would you like to get a job in an oil palm company if it meant that you would be clearing all the forests around the park? ( DEFINITELY NOT | NO | DOESN’T MATTER | YES | STRONGLY YES )
    • Aim: to understand the actual reason for the illegal felling, hunting and other destructive activities on the forest is the economy?
  • 8.Do you like tourists and researchers to be in the forest? ( DEFINITELY NOT | NO | DOESN’T MATTER | YES | STRONGLY YES )
    • Aim: They may think the presence of the public in the forest prevents them performing their activities in the forest.
  • 9.Which food you preferred mostly? Farm animals or forest animals? (FARM ANIMALS STRONGLY | FARM ANIMALS | DON’T MIND | FOREST ANIMALS | FOREST ANIMALS STRONGLY )
    • Aim: to understand do they like to consume meat from forest although they have enough money to buy from city.

Background questions:

  • What is your occupation? (LIST)
    • Aim: To understand how many people in a selected community engaged with occupation directly depend on forest.
  • What is your age?
  • Male/female
  • Highest level of schooling reached