Emergent trees to large trees. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark yellow, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash yellow, brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; compound; pinnate, or with two leaflets; without a terminal leaflet; leaflets opposite; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; ladder like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; swollen; swollen at one end. Stipules present; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent.
Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary; on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; with one plane of symmetry; with male or female parts raised on a column; with the female parts of the flower raised on a stalk. Hypanthium present. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 4; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; (1-)2; free; not fleshy; deciduous; stalked; entire. Stamens 2; filaments present; joined (the base of the filaments strongly expanded); free of the perianth; all equal in size; anisomerous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by short slits, or dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels solitary; 1. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 1 lobed; distinctive; head shaped. Fruit legume-like; non-fleshy; not multiple; splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 3-5 per fruit; about 1 cm long to much more than 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; non-endospermic.
Tall tree without buttresses; bark light colored; stamens 2 with the filaments strongly expanded at the base; fruits spiraled. Taxon images: endertia.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo – Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.