Small trees to shrubs. Buttresses present, or absent; short. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark white, gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Leaves opposite, or spiral, or two-ranked; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous, or leathery, or paper-like; gland-dotted, or not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined, or wavy margined, or with small to large teeth on margin. Epidermis waxy, or not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein present, or absent. Stalk of blade absent to a quarter to one half the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules present, or absent; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia present, or absent; appearing as hair tufts; scattered along midrib. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Inflorescences present, or represented by solitary flowers only; axillary; the flowers from a single point on the stem, or on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units present, umbels; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers at least some flowers unisexual; wit