Small trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray; not peeling in strips. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent, or not prominent, but visible. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; net like, or ladder like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; swollen; swollen at both ends. Stipules present; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like, or leafy; not fringed; small; persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary, or on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis, or on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers at least some flowers unisexual; with male and female flowers on different plants; not stalked, or stalked; with the parts barely visible to the eye, or about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk present (glandular). Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 3-5; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals absent. Stamens 3-5; filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth, or joined to the perianth; all equal in size; isomerous; alternating with the sepals (when isomerous). Anthers 2-4 loculed (2 or 4); attached by the base; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 3. Locules 1. Styles free; 3. Stigmas 1 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit drupaceous; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; barely visible, or less than 5 mm; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.
Stipules obvious, persistent to subpersistent; flowers in long and slender spikes or racemes; drupe flattened; stone reticulate or ridged. Taxon images: antides.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo – Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.