Spondias

Family Anacardiaceae. Order Sapindales.

Large trees to small trees. Buttresses present, or absent; tall, or short. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray; not peeling in strips. Slash brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood present. Odor absent, aromatic, fruity. Exudate present; colorless; spotty; blackening on exposure to air. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.

Leaves spiral; not scale-like; compound; pinnate; with a terminal leaflet; leaflets opposite; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined, or wavy margined, or with small to large teeth on margin. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein present, or absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; sparse.

Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary; on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk present; the stamens outside the disk. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals (4-)5; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; (4-)5; free; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens (8-)10; filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; diplostemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; (4-)5. Locules 1-5 (1 or (4-)5). Styles solitary, or free; (4-)5. Stigmas 1 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit drupaceous; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; less than 5 mm, or about 1 cm long, or much more than 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; non-endospermic.

Includes Spondias. Leaves compound, the leaflets opposite to sub-opposite; leaflets generally with a distinct intramarginal vein; mango smell from crushed parts; styles generally 5 and free; endocarp of drupe woody; stylar scar visible at fruit apex. Taxon images: genspon.gif


Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and Illustrations' URL http://django.harvard.edu/users/jjarvie/Borneo.htm/.
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.