Small trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark red, gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; gland-dotted, or not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate, or trinerved. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; ladder like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen, or swollen; swollen at one end. Stipules absent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent.
Inflorescences present; axillary, or on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk present. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 5; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 5 (hairy within); free, or all joined; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens 10; filaments present; free of each other (in pairs); joined to the perianth; all equal in size; diplostemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached by the base; not awned; dehiscing by pores, or dehiscing by short slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 3-4. Locules 3-4. Styles solitary. Stigmas 3-4 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit drupaceous; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; about 1 cm long, or much more than 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.
Strong garlic smell from slash; leaves with pronounced open venation. Taxon images: scorod.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.