Scolopia

Family Flacourtiaceae. Order Violales.

Small trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines present, or absent; on trunk, or on branches. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.

Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation trinerved, or palmate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible, or not visible; ladder like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules present; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands present, or absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent.

Inflorescences present; axillary; the flowers from a single point on the stem, or on an unbranched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; with the parts barely visible to the eye to about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk present, or absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls, or intergrading from sepals to petals. Sepals (3-)4-6; partially joined; persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; (3-)4-6; free; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; fringed like a comb, or entire. Stamens 100 (many); filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; polystemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 2-4. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 2 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit berry-like; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds (1-)2-3(-100) per fruit (many); barely visible to less than 5 mm; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.

Small trees or shrubs, sometimes with spines; leaves tri- or palmately nerved; 2 glands sometimes at the base of the blade; berry sitting on calyx and with a persistent style, almost as long as the fruit. Taxon images: scolopia.gif


Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and Illustrations' URL http://django.harvard.edu/users/jjarvie/Borneo.htm/.
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.