Large trees to small trees. Buttresses present, or absent; tall. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash yellow, brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate present; white, or yellow; flowing, or spotty; not blackening on exposure to air. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined, or wavy margined, or with small to large teeth on margin. Epidermis waxy, or not waxy. Venation pinnate, or palmate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; net like, or ladder like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade to a quarter to one half the length of the blade; not winged; attached to surface of leaf blade, attached to base of leaf blade; swollen; swollen at both ends. Stipules present; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent.
Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary; on an unbranched axis, or on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers at least some flowers unisexual; with male and female flowers on the same plant; not stalked, or stalked; with the parts barely visible to the eye, or about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 2-3; free; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals absent. Stamens 2-3; filaments present; joined, or free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; isomerous; alternating with the sepals (when isomerous). Anthers 2 loculed; attached by the base; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 2-3. Locules 2-3. Styles solitary, or free; 2-3. Stigmas 1-3 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit capsular; non-fleshy; not multiple; splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds barely visible, or less than 5 mm; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.
Medium to large trees; copious white latex from cut parts. Taxon images: sapium.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.