Ormosia

Family Fabaceae. Order Fabales.

Large trees to shrubs. Buttresses present, or absent; tall, or short. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark brown; not peeling in strips. Slash yellow, red. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.

Leaves spiral; not scale-like; compound; pinnate; with a terminal leaflet; leaflets opposite; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent, or not prominent, but visible. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein present. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; swollen; swollen at one end. Stipules present, or absent; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.

Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary; on an unbranched axis, or on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; with one plane of symmetry; with male or female parts raised on a column; with the female parts of the flower raised on a stalk. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 5; partially joined; persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 5; some joined; not fleshy; deciduous; stalked; entire. Stamens 10; filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; diplostemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels solitary; 1. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 1 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit legume-like; non-fleshy; not multiple; splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1-3 per fruit; less than 5 mm to about 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; non-endospermic.

Imparipinnate leaves with opposite leaflets; stamens not in a 9+1 joined arrangement; fruits rounded with obvious calyx remnants, splitting; seeds large and glossy red, sometimes with a black spot at the base. Taxon images: ormosia.gif


Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and Illustrations' URL http://django.harvard.edu/users/jjarvie/Borneo.htm/.
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.