Ficus

Family Moraceae. Order Urticales.

Small trees to shrubs, or climbers. Buttresses present, or absent; tall. Spines absent. Stilt roots present, or absent. Bark gray; not peeling in strips. Exudate present; white; flowing, or spotty; not blackening on exposure to air. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum present, or absent; dense, or sparse.

Leaves opposite (rare), or spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous, or leathery, or fleshy, or paper-like; gland-dotted, or not gland-dotted; very asymmetric at the base, or symmetric at the base; dissected, or not dissected; palmately lobed; smooth margined, or with small to large teeth on margin. Epidermis waxy, or not waxy. Venation pinnate, or trinerved. Secondary veins open, or closed; prominent, or not prominent, but visible. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; net like, or box like. Intramarginal vein present, or absent. Stalk of blade absent to a quarter to one half the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen, or swollen; swollen at one end. Stipules present; free from one another, or joined; laterally placed; encircling the twig; leafy; not fringed; large; not persistent, or persistent. Domatia present, or absent; pit-like; scattered along midrib. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.

Inflorescences present; axillary, or on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers at least some flowers unisexual; with male and female flowers on the same plant; not stalked; with the parts barely visible to the eye, or about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with all whorls looking like tepals. Tepals 3-5. Stamens 1-2(-5); filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; anisomerous, or isomerous; opposite the sepals (when isomerous). Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels solitary; 1. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 2 lobed; distinctive; club shaped. Fruit a synconium; fleshy; multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 100 per fruit (many); barely visible; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.

Bark generally gray and smooth; white latex when cut; large stipules; tertiary venation box like; fruits fig-like. Taxon images: genficus.gif


Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and Illustrations' URL http://django.harvard.edu/users/jjarvie/Borneo.htm/.
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.