Large trees to shrubs. Buttresses present; tall. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark red, gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash red, gray, brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood present. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs present, or absent; disk-shaped, or star-like. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum present, or absent; dense.
Leaves opposite; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; leathery; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined, or wavy margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent, or not prominent, but visible. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein present. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules present; joined; joined across twigs; encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent.
Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary, or on the trunk or branches; on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk present; the stamens inside the disk. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 5; free, or partially joined; persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 5; free; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens 10; filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; diplostemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 2. Locules 2. Styles solitary. Stigmas 2 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit capsular; non-fleshy; not multiple; splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; less than 5 mm; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril present; endospermic.
Buttressed trees, variable in size; leaves opposite. Taxon images: gencteno.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.