Large trees to small trees. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark orange, red, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash red, brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs present, or absent; star-like. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum present, or absent; sparse.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; gland-dotted, or not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined, or wavy margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible; net like, or ladder like. Intramarginal vein present, or absent. Stalk of blade a quarter to one half the length of the blade to more than half the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; swollen; swollen at one end. Stipules present; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands present, or absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Inflorescences present; axillary, or superaxillary, or on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers at least some flowers unisexual; with male and female flowers on different plants; not stalked, or stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 4-6; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals absent. Stamens 4-10; filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; isomerous, or diplostemonous; alternating with the sepals (when isomerous). Anthers 2 loculed; attached by the base; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 3. Locules 3. Styles free; 3. Stigmas 2 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit capsular; fleshy; not multiple; splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; winged, or wingless. Seeds 1-6 per fruit; less than 5 mm, or about 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.
Bark usually shallowly fissured, light gray; hairs stellate; petioles generally long; leaves clustered in pseudowhorls; fruits with a fleshy rind; seeds generally covered with a tasty pulp. Taxon images: baccaur.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.