Small trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark brown; not peeling in strips. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs present, or absent; disk-shaped. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous, or leathery; gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined, or wavy margined, or with small to large teeth on margin. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent, or not prominent, but visible. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia present, or absent; scattered across lamina. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary; on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units present; specialized inflorescence units umbels, or corymbs; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 5; free, or partially joined; persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering, or growing slightly after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 5; free; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens 5; filaments absent; joined to the perianth; all equal in size; isomerous; alternating with the sepals (when isomerous). Anthers 2 loculed; not awned; dehiscing by pores, or dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 3-5. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 1 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit drupaceous; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; less than 5 mm; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; endospermic.
Vegetative and fertile parts usually with a short but dense brown indumentum; fruits longitudinally brown striate or dotted. Taxon images: ardisia.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.