Large trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash cream, gray, brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.
Leaves spiral; not scale-like; compound; pinnate (rare), or bipinnate; without a terminal leaflet; leaflets opposite; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; very asymmetric at the base, or symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; winged, or not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; swollen; swollen at one end. Stipules present, or absent; free from one another; laterally placed; not encircling the twig; scale-like; not fringed; small; not persistent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.
Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary, or on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis, or on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units present; specialized inflorescence units umbels, or corymbs; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual, or at least some flowers unisexual; with male and female flowers on different plants; not stalked, or stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across, or to about 3 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts raised on a column, or not raised on a column; with the female parts of the flower raised on a stalk. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 5; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 5; all joined; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens 100 (many); filaments present; joined (basally in a tube); joined to the perianth; all equal in size; polystemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels solitary; 1. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 1 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit legume-like, or a loment; non-fleshy; not multiple; splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 100 per fruit (many); less than 5 mm to much more than 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril present, or aril absent; non-endospermic.
Leaves pari-bipinnate; racheoles with glands; fruits coiled, brightly colored inside; seeds generally black, hanging from split pods. Taxon images: genpithe.gif
Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and
Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.