Anacardium

Family Anacardiaceae. Order Sapindales.

Small trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark brown; not peeling in strips. Exudate present; colorless; spotty; blackening on exposure to air. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.

Leaves spiral, or two-ranked; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; leathery; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins prominent; net like. Intramarginal vein present, or absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent.

Inflorescences present; terminal, or axillary; on an unbranched axis, or on a branched axis; specialized inflorescence units present, or absent; specialized inflorescence units corymbs; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual, or at least some flowers unisexual; with male and female flowers on the same plant; stalked; about 0.5 cm long or across; round; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk absent. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 5; partially joined; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 5; free; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens 7-10; filaments present; joined (basally in a tube); free of the perianth; of different sizes; diplostemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached by the base; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels solitary; 1. Locules 1. Styles solitary. Stigmas 1 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit drupaceous; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; enclosed in, or sitting on, the fleshy receptacle; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; about 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; non-endospermic.

Leaves spiral and thick with prominent venation; flowers with one carpel; fruit seated on a large hypocarp made up of the receptacle and pedicel. Taxon images: anacard.gif


Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and Illustrations' URL http://django.harvard.edu/users/jjarvie/Borneo.htm/.
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.