Allophylus

Family Sapindaceae. Order Sapindales.

Small trees to shrubs, or climbers. Buttresses absent. Spines absent. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Complex hairs present, or absent; star-like. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent.

Leaves spiral; not scale-like; compound; with three leaflets, or pinnate; with a terminal leaflet; leaflets opposite; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; symmetric at the base; not dissected; with small to large teeth on margin. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent, or not prominent, but visible. Smallest veins prominent, or not prominent, but visible; net like. Intramarginal vein present. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia present, or absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf present, or absent; dense, or sparse.

Inflorescences present; axillary; on an unbranched axis; specialized inflorescence units absent; numerous and persistent inflorescence bracts absent. Flowers bisexual; not stalked; with the parts barely visible to the eye to about 0.5 cm long or across; round, or somewhat asymmetric; with male or female parts not raised on a column. Hypanthium absent. Disk present; the stamens inside the disk. Perianth present; with distinct calyx and corolla whorls. Sepals 4; free; not persistent in fruit; not growing any further after flowering. Epicalyx absent. Petals present; 4; free; not fleshy; deciduous; not stalked; entire. Stamens 8; filaments present; free of each other; free of the perianth; all equal in size; diplostemonous. Anthers 2 loculed; attached along the side, or attached by the base; not awned; dehiscing by long slits. Ovary superior. Carpels joined; 2(-3). Locules 2(-3). Styles solitary. Stigmas 2-3 lobed; not distinctive. Fruit drupaceous; fleshy; not multiple; not splitting; not enclosed in, or sitting on, fleshy perianth parts; wingless. Seeds 1 per fruit; less than 5 mm to about 1 cm long; wingless; uniform in cross-section; aril absent; non-endospermic.

Leaves trifoliate with serrate margins. Taxon images: genallo.gif


Cite this publication as: Jarvie, J.K. and Ermayanti (1996 onwards). `Tree Genera of Borneo - Descriptions and Illustrations' URL http://django.harvard.edu/users/jjarvie/Borneo.htm/.
Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993) should also be cited.